The name ‘Bombay’ came about when Portuguese settlers discovered the city as an archipelago of seven islands separated by marshy swamps. The deep harbour made it excellent for establishing a port for trade and it was duly christened ‘Bom Bahia’ (The Good Bay).
Bombay developed as a centre for trade and commerce, and attracted skilled and unskilled labourers from all over the country.
We got these amazing images from Behrooz K.Y Avari. You can check out her archive of nostalgic images here.
1. Elphinstone College and David Sassoon Library at Kala Ghoda.
2. Watsons Hotel (Esplanade Mansion) in South Bombay with pristine views of the harbour. It was the only hospitality establishment other than the Sailors Home, until the Taj Hotel came up in 1903.
3. Bombay Central.
4. ‘Khada Parsi’ is a cast iron monument paying homage to Shet Cursetjee Manockjee, who made incredible reforms in the education sector. It was built in the 1860s.
5. The Mumbai Police HQ formerly known as Sailors Home c.1900.
6. Colaba Reclamation with a view of Rajbai Tower in the distance.
7. Churchgate station was named after this gate leading to St. Thomas Church, when Bombay was still a walled city.
8. Scottish Church, Court-House, and the entrance to the dockyard near Lions Gate.
9. A street leading to Bombay Fort c.1860.
10. Apollo Bunder without the Gateway.
11. Earlier the Mumbai Local ran up to to Colaba. Today, it terminates at Churchgate.
12. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus formerly known as Victoria Terminus.
13. The Majestic Hotel and Waterloo Mansions.
14. Flora Fountain with the Central Telegraph Office in the background.
15. Churchgate Station.
16. A train approaching Churchgate Station from Colaba.
17. BB&CI (Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway) Steam Engine.
18. A sketch of Bombaja Fort, 1731.
19. A sketch of a bird’s eye view of Bombay from Malabar Hill.
20. A painting of Malabar Hill and the Tower of Silence.
21. Bombay Green, 1862.
22. A painting of a typical business day in the Fort area.Palkhi carriers are seen waiting for customers.
23. Ice being poured to cool the train compartments. A kind of AC in those days.
24. Gol Deval.
25. Bombay Municipal Building c.1900.
26. Asiatic Library.
27. Elphinstone Circle (now known as Horniman Circle), 1827.
28. Walkeshwar at Malabar Point c.1860.
29. Bombay University buildings with Rajabai Tower still under construction.
30. Bombay High Court.
31. Sir Dinshaw Manackjee Petit Hospital, now known as Parsi General Hospital.
32. Elphinstone Circle (now Horniman Circle) Garden Gate and St. Thomas Church in the background.
33. The Times Of India editor’s room which features a ceiling jute fan that swings from side to side when pulled back and forth.
34. A bullock-drawn roller.
35. A group of Parsee pupils and teachers in a class at the Elphinstone High School, 1875.
36. A group of Parsee ladies pose for a photograph, 1853.
37. A double-decker tram plies through a Bombay street.